Reduce VMT by congestion pricing

Description: Transportation Demand Management or Cordon Area Congestion Pricing (also called Value Pricing by the Federal Highway Authority) is considered by most transportation experts to be the most effective strategy of reducing congestion, a potential proxy for vehicle miles traveled and emissions.

Congestion pricing is a way of harnessing the power of the market to reduce emissions associated with traffic congestion. Congestion pricing works by shifting some rush hour highway travel to other transportation modes or to off-peak periods.

Studies also indicate that congestion pricing will result in increased walking, biking, and use of transit.

Goal: Reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by congestion pricing, particularly of solo-occupant motor vehicles and during peak hour times. Reduced VMTs will reduce GHG emissions by the city’s transportation sector and incentivize use of other modes of transportation.

Raise revenue to improve public transportation and promote walking and biking.

Measurement: Reduced VMT, increased mph, reduced congestion (level of service)

Time to Implement: Varies


Singapore – Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) | Driving

London – Congestion Charge

Stockholm – Congestion Tax

Additional Information:

In the U.S., New York has adopted congestion pricing for New York City; Seattle, Los Angeles, and Portland are considering forms of congestion pricing.

New York Approves Congestion Pricing

Congestion Pricing is Slowly Coming to New York City

Seattle’s plan is included in its Climate Action Plan. See pg 14 of Seattle’s CAP:

Seattle Congestion Pricing Study – Preliminary Findings

Portland Oregon Regional Congestion Pricing Study

LA Studies Move Forward

Los Angeles: Congestion pricing could help equity, climate efforts

San Francisco Studies Congestion Pricing

Variable toll highways have been implented in Florida, Virginia, California and other states.

Dynamic Tolling Done Right – Virgina’s Highway 66

Contact Info:

Sectors(s) Transportation & Land Use
State(s) , , ,
Location(s) , , , , , ,
Date First Adopted 2019
Last Updated November 7, 2021
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